Basics of Photography for Beginners

Posted on

Is it your first time with a DSLR or digital camera? Do you find it frustrating to use? then this guide for Nikon D5600 lenses is for you.

Cameras and photography lenses can be quite complicated for some individuals who are just beginning to study photography.

You may encounter difficulties such as not being able to capture photos of what you see through the viewfinder. It might take lots of trial and error before you finally know how to work it all out. However, once mastery is achieved it will all be worth it.

Getting to Know Your Camera

Here are the things you need to consider when starting your career as a photographer:


Learning all about exposure is vital in capturing a great image, especially for beginners in the photography industry. Mastering the art of exposure allows you to properly use your camera to capture great snapshots.

The combination of ISO, shutter speed, and aperture create an exposure. They are also the reasons for any alterations in the digital noise, motion blur, and depth of field.

Using the exposure triangle helps you to remember these three settings. This can aid you in understanding that shifting one setting will require a change in the others if you plan to take pictures of the same sight with similar lighting.


This is the hole inside your photography lenses, over which light passes. It is like the pupil of your eye because the wider your camera’s aperture, the more light can pass through and vice versa.

As the aperture expands, the f/number becomes lower. Thus, more light gets into the camera. This is ideal for low light but will make the depth of field narrow which is not good when capturing landscape images.

You may need to be familiarized with the following scales: f/22, f/16, f/11, f/8, f/5.6, f/4, f2.8, f/2, and f/1.4.

Shutter Speed

When the light passes through the aperture, it will now reach the camera shutter. You have to choose how much light you will allow entering your camera.

It is highly encouraged to pick a small fraction of a second to avoid motion blur. Nevertheless, various shutter speeds balance different sceneries.


When the light has reached the aperture and got filtered by the shutter speed, it will travel through the sensor. You must select how to set your camera’s ISO.

When you increase the ISO number you also increase the exposure and the image quality declines. There will be extra digital noise or known as grain.

Some Terminologies To Remember

Below are some of the basic terms you need to acquaint yourself with as you start your photography journey:

Filters with Polarization

It only permits light to enter the lens from a definite direction. This removes reflections and glare from non-metallic items.


This shows a mathematical evaluation of exposure after the photo is captured. It principally tells you how symmetrical the exposure of your snapshot is.

White Balance

White balance modifies the color cast of the whole photograph. It is accountable for the general warmth. It determines whether your snap looks warm, cold, orange, or blue.

Focal Length

This affects the zoom and perspective of your image.

Final Thoughts

There is much to learn to succeed in photography but the basics mentioned above may help you start in a good state.

Read more, do your research, and do not forget to have fun through the entire process.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *